State of the art Biofuel Technology
Biodiesel Standards
EUROPE
USA
PETROLEUM DIESEL
Specification  
EN 14214:2012
ASTM D 6751-07b
EN 590:1999
Applies to   FAME FAAE Diesel
Density 15°C g/cm³ 0.86-0.90   0.82-0.845
Viscosity 40°C mm²/s 3.5-5.0 1.9-6.0 2.0-4.5
Distillation % @ °C 90%,360°C 85%,350°C - 95%,360°C
Flashpoint (Fp) °C 101 min 93 min 55 min
CFPP °C * country specific * country specific
Cloud point °C * report
Sulphur mg/kg 10 max 15 max 350 max
CCR 100% %mass 0.05 max
Carbon residue (10%dist.residue) %mass 0.3 max 0.3 max
Sulphated ash %mass 0.02 max 0.02 max
Oxid ash %mass 0.1 max
Water mg/kg 500 max 500 max 200 max
Total contamination mg/kg 24 max 24 max
Cu corrosion max 3h/50°C 1 3 1
Oxidation stability hrs;110°C 8 hours min 3 hours min N/A (25 g/m3)
Cetane number 51 min 47 min 51 min
Acid value mgKOH /g 0.5 max 0.5 max
Methanol %mass 0.20 max 0.2 max or Fp <130°C
Ester content %mass 96.5 min
Monoglyceride %mass 0.7 max
Diglyceride %mass 0.2 max
Triglyceride %mass 0.2 max
Free glycerol %mass 0.02 max 0.02 max
Total glycerol %mass 0.25 max 0.24 max
Iodine value 120 max
Linolenic acid ME %mass 12 max
C(x:4) & greater unsaturated esters %mass 1 max
Phosphorus mg/kg 4 max 10 max
Alkalinity mg/kg
Gp I metals (Na,K) mg/kg 5 max 5 max
GpII metals (Ca,Mg) mg/kg 5 max 5 max
PAHs %mass 11 max
Lubricity / wear µm at 60°C 460 max
EUROPE
USA
PETROLEUM DIESEL
 

 

Country Specific CFPP requirements according to various national versions of EN 14214 Standard Season Dates of season Max CFPP (°C)
United Kingdom BS EN 14214

Summer

16th March - 15th November inclusive -5°C
Winter 16th November - 15th March inclusive -15°C
Austria ├ľNORM EN 14214

Summer

1st April - 30th September +5°C
Winter 1st October - 28th February -20°C
Spring 1st March - 31st March -15°C
Estonia EVS EN 14214

Summer

1st May - 30th September -5°C
Winter 1st December - 29th February -26°C
France NF EN 14214

Summer

1st April - 31st October 0°C
Winter 1st November - 31st March -15°C
Germany DIN EN 14214

Summer

15th April - 30th September 0°C
Winter 16th November - 28th February -20°C
Spring 1st March - 14th April -10°C
Autumn 1st October - 15th November -10°C
Greece ELOT EN 14214 Summer 1st April to 30th September +5°C
Winter 1st October to 31st March -5°C
Ireland IS EN 14214

Summer

16th March - 21st October -5°C
Winter 22nd October - 15th March -15°C
Italy UNI EN 14214

Summer

March 16th - November 14th 0°C
Winter November 15th - March 15th -10°C
Netherlands NEN EN 14214

Summer

1st May - 30th September 0°C
Winter 1st December - 29th February -15°C
Rest of year   -5°C
Portugal NP EN 14214

Summer

1st April - 14th October 0°C
Winter 1st December - 28/29th February -10°C
Spring 1st March - 31st March -5°C
Spain UNE EN 14214

Summer

1st April - 30th September 0°C
Winter 1st October - 31st March -10°C

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